Kashmir Shaivism is the essence of Tāntric thought. Tāntrism developed around the 4th or 5th century CE as a powerful religious current and gave a new dimension and direction to India’s medieval religious culture and spiritual life. This was a period when numerous Shaiva cults belonging to different preceptorial lines were flourishing in Kashmir, and Kashmir came to be known as a great centre of Tāntric thought and practice. Scholars divide the entire medieval Shaiva tradition into two main streams – the pre-Tāntric Atimārga or the Outer Path, and the Tantric Mantramārga or the Path of Mantra.
Instructor: SS Toshkhani